Steel Corrosion Stages Characterization Using Open-Ended Rectangular Waveguide Probe

Abstract

Safety evaluation of steel structures requires knowledge of corrosion progression stages. The deteriorative stage of corrosion involves multiple parameters, and thus it is difficult to be characterized by the model-based approaches. In this paper, we propose a steel corrosion stages characterization method using microwave open-ended rectangular waveguide (ORWG) probes and a statistical-based principal component analysis (PCA) method. Two ORWG probes operating in successive bands, ranging between 9.5 and 26.5 GHz, are utilized to obtain reflection coefficient spectra from specific sets of corrosion samples; i.e., uncoated corrosion progression, coated corrosion progression, and surface preparation. PCA is applied to extract corrosion progression feature from spectral responses of training samples. The robustness of the PC-based features is analyzed with influences of operating frequency, coating layer, and surface condition. It is found that the corrosion features extracted by the first principal component (PC1) from coated and uncoated corrosion samples are highly correlated to the corrosion progress regardless of probe parameter and coating layer.

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